France has seen a succession of reforms in recent years spanning labour law, unemployment insurance, pay as you earn, and pensions. At the same time, new working methods and managerial practices have arisen, alongside the need to combine performance with well-being at work, digitisation, and automation, with the result that traditional industrial relations are under great strain. New forms of protest are appearing, as are new modes of consultation. Is France shifting towards a new model? Do trade unions and industrial relations still have a role? What might it be? Two leading figures offer their insights into this important issue for the world of transport.